Marine, brackish, benthopelagic, oceanodromous, depth range 5 – 400 m, usually 50 – 150 m
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed, common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed, max. published weight: 8.0 kg, max. reported age: 12 years
Found in areas close to the sea bed. Generally solitary. Feeds mainly on schooling bony fishes, occasionally on cephalopods and crustaceans. Reproduction takes place at the end of winter and at the start of spring in the northeastern Atlantic, earlier in the Mediterranean. Eggs are pelagic, maturity reached at 4 years. Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked.